Elder, Elderberry


Hazard Information

Route: Ingestion     Plant Part: Berries

Scale: High

Raw berries will induce vomiting, stomach pains, weakness and in more severe cases, coma.



Common Name(s)

Elder, Elderberry

Latin Name

Sambucas Nigra


The leaves are oval with pointed tips, arranged in pairs on either side of the stalk. The flowers are creamy-white flat topped clusters. The berries are black with a reddish tinge and hang down in bunches.


The berries are poisonous when they are raw. Heating destroys toxins, hence wine making , pies etc.


Diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach pains, weakness. In more severe cases coma.

Flowering Period

Summer. Berries in autumn.


Hedgerows, wasteland and cultivated varieties in gardens.